Victor Jara

Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbiɣtoɾ ˈliðjo ˈxaɾa maɾˈtines]; 28 September 1932 – 16 September 1973)[1] was a Chilean teacher, theater director, poet, singer-songwriter and Communist political activist. He developed Chilean theater by directing a broad array of works, ranging from locally produced plays to world classics, as well as the experimental work of playwrights such as Ann Jellicoe. He also played a pivotal role among neo-folkloric musicians who established the Nueva canción chilena (New Chilean Song) movement. This led to an uprising of new sounds in popular music during the administration of President Salvador Allende.

Arlo Guthrie – Victor Jara

Jara was arrested by the Chilean military shortly after the 11 September 1973 coup led by Augusto Pinochet, which overthrew Allende. He was tortured during interrogations and ultimately shot dead, and his body was thrown out on the street of a shantytown in Santiago.[3] The contrast between the themes of his songs—which focused on love, peace, and social justice—and his murder transformed Jara into a “potent symbol of struggle for human rights and justice” for those killed during the Pinochet regime.[4][5][6] His prominent role as an admirer and propagandist for Che Guevara and Allende’s government, in which he served as a cultural ambassador through the late 1960s and until the 1973, made him a target.

Manifiesto · Victor Jara Manifiesto
℗ 1974 Sucesión Victor Jara

In June 2016, a Florida jury found former Chilean Army officer Pedro Barrientos liable for Jara’s murder.[7][8] In July 2018, eight retired Chilean military officers were sentenced to 15 years and a day in prison for Jara’s murder.[9]

May be an image of 1 person

Birth name Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez
Born 28 September 1932
San Ignacio, Chile
Origin Chillán Viejo, Chile
Died 16 September 1973 (aged 40)
Santiago, Chile
FolkNueva canciónAndean music
Singer-songwriterpoettheatre directoracademicsocial activist
VocalsSpanish guitar
Years active 1959–1973


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