Sioux Language…

May be an image of one or more people and text that says 'NATIVE AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE Sunset Buffalo Man Rising Risingsun sun Tipi me. my Night You Yes Horse Horse rider Go. go away'

Native American sign language:  Illustrated guides to 400 gestures
The illustrations below showing how to communicate using Native American/”Indian” sign language, come from two vintage sources — one in the ’50s, and the other (more comprehensive guide) from the ’20s.
Indian sign language (1954)  From The Golden Digest, Issue 1 (1954)
Once we had many Indian tribes. They did not all speak the same language. But with sign language, one tribe could understand another. Here are some things they would say. Words shown: Sunset, yes, I/me/my, go/go away, horse/horse rider, buffalo, man, rising sun, tipi, you, night

Sioux language: Spoken language

Description:  Sioux is a Siouan language spoken by over 30,000 Sioux in the United States and Canada, making it the fifth most spoken indigenous language in the United States or Canada, behind Navajo, Cree, Inuit languages, and Ojibwe. Wikipedia

Language family: Siouan > Western Siouan > Mississippi Valley > Dakotan > Sioux   ISO 639-3: Either: – Dakota; – Lakota  Native speakers: 25,000 (2015)

Native to: United StatesCanada  Contents

  • Comparison of Sioux and Nakota languages and dialects
    • Phonetic differences  Lexical differences
      • Writing systems   Structure   Phonology  Morphology  Syntax  Notes  Bibliography  External links


                  Sioux language

                  24 languages  Article  Talk  Read  View history
                  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
                  Dakota, Lakota
                  Native to United States, Canada
                  Region Northern Nebraska, southern MinnesotaNorth DakotaSouth Dakota, northeastern Montana; southern Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan
                  Native speakers
                  25,000[1] (2015)[2]


                  Official status
                  Official language in
                   United States
                   South Dakota[3]
                  Language codes
                  Linguasphere 62-AAC-a Dakota

                  Sioux is a Siouan language spoken by over 30,000 Sioux in the United States and Canada, making it the fifth most spoken indigenous language in the United States or Canada, behind NavajoCreeInuit languages, and Ojibwe.[4][5]

                  Since 2019, “the language of the Great Sioux Nation, comprised of three dialects, Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota” is the official indigenous language of South Dakota.[6][3]

                  Regional variation

                  Page from Dictionary of the Sioux Language, 1866

                  Sioux has three major regional varieties, with other sub-varieties:

                  1. Lakota (a.k.a. Lakȟóta, Teton, Teton Sioux)
                  2. Western Dakota (a.k.a. Yankton-Yanktonai or Dakȟóta, and erroneously classified, for a very long time, as “Nakota[7])
                    • Yankton (Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋ)
                    • Yanktonai (Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋna)
                  3. Eastern Dakota (a.k.a. Santee-Sisseton or Dakhóta)
                    • Santee (Isáŋyáthi: Bdewákhathuŋwaŋ, Waȟpékhute)
                    • Sisseton (Sisíthuŋwaŋ, Waȟpéthuŋwaŋ)

                  Yankton-Yanktonai (Western Dakota) stands between Santee-Sisseton (Eastern Dakota) and Lakota within the dialect continuum. It is phonetically closer to Santee-Sisseton but lexically and grammatically, it is much closer to Lakota. For this reason Lakota and Western Dakota are much more mutually intelligible than each is with Eastern Dakota. The assumed extent of mutual intelligibility is usually overestimated by speakers of the language. While Lakota and Yankton-Yanktonai speakers understand each other to a great extent, they each find it difficult to follow Santee-Sisseton speakers.

                  Closely related to the Sioux language are the Assiniboine and Stoney languages, whose speakers use the self-designation term (autonym) Nakhóta or Nakhóda.

                  Comparison of Sioux and Nakota languages and dialects

                  Phonetic differences

                  The following table shows some of the main phonetic differences between the regional varieties of the Sioux language. The table also provides comparison with the two closely related Nakota languages (Assiniboine and Stoney).[8]

                  Sioux Assiniboine Stoney gloss
                  Lakota Western Dakota Eastern Dakota
                  Yanktonai Yankton Sisseton Santee
                  Lakȟóta Dakȟóta Dakhóta Nakhóta Nakhóda self-designation
                  lowáŋ dowáŋ dowáŋ nowáŋ to sing
                  čísčila čísčina čístina čúsina čúsin small
                  hokšíla hokšína hokšína hokšída hokšína hokšín boy
                  gnayáŋ gnayáŋ knayáŋ hnayáŋ knayáŋ hna to deceive
                  glépa gdépa kdépa hdépa knépa hnéba to vomit
                  kigná kigná kikná kihná kikná gihná to soothe
                  slayá sdayá sdayá snayá snayá to grease
                  wičháša wičháša wičhášta wičhášta wičhá man
                  kibléza kibdéza kibdéza kimnéza gimnéza to sober up
                  yatkáŋ yatkáŋ yatkáŋ yatkáŋ yatkáŋ to drink
                  žé žé that

                  Lexical differences

                  English gloss Santee-Sisseton Yankton-Yanktonai Lakota
                  Northern Lakota Southern Lakota
                  child šičéča wakȟáŋyeža wakȟáŋyeža
                  knee hupáhu čhaŋkpé čhaŋkpé
                  knife isáŋ / mína mína míla
                  kidneys phakšíŋ ažúŋtka ažúŋtka
                  hat wapháha wapȟóštaŋ wapȟóštaŋ
                  still hináȟ naháŋȟčiŋ naháŋȟčiŋ
                  man wičhášta wičháša wičháša
                  hungry wótehda dočhíŋ ločhíŋ
                  morning haŋȟ’áŋna híŋhaŋna híŋhaŋna híŋhaŋni
                  to shave kasáŋ kasáŋ kasáŋ glak’óǧa

                  Writing systems

                  In 1827, John Marsh and his wife, Marguerite (who was half Sioux), wrote the first dictionary of the Sioux language. They also wrote a “Grammar of the Sioux Language.”[9][10]

                  Life for the Dakota changed significantly in the nineteenth century as the early years brought increased contact with white settlers, particularly Christian missionaries. The goal of the missionaries was to introduce the Dakota to Christian beliefs. To achieve this, the missions began to transcribe the Dakota language. In 1836, brothers Samuel and Gideon Pond, Rev. Stephen Return Riggs, and Dr. Thomas Williamson set out to begin translating hymns and Bible stories into Dakota. By 1852, Riggs and Williamson had completed a Dakota Grammar and Dictionary (Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Center). Eventually, the entire Bible was translated.

                  Today, it is possible to find a variety of texts in Dakota. Traditional stories have been translated, children’s books, even games such as Pictionary and Scrabble. Despite such progress, written Dakota is not without its difficulties. The Pond brothers, Rev. Riggs, and Dr. Williamson were not the only missionaries documenting the Dakota language. Around the same time, missionaries in other Dakota bands were developing their own versions of the written language. Since the 1900s, professional linguists have been creating their own versions of the orthography. The Dakota have also been making modifications. “Having so many different writing systems is causing confusion, conflict between our [the Dakota] people, causing inconstancy in what is being taught to students, and making the sharing of instructional and other materials very difficult” (SICC).

                  Prior to the introduction of the Latin alphabet, the Dakota did have a writing system of their own: one of representational pictographs. In pictographic writing, a drawing represents exactly what it means. For example, a drawing of a dog literally meant a dog. Palmer writes that,

                  As a written language, it [pictographs] was practical enough that it allowed the Lakota to keep a record of years in their winter counts which can still be understood today, and it was in such common usage that pictographs were recognized and accepted by census officials in the 1880s, who would receive boards or hides adorned with the head of the household’s name depicted graphically. (pg. 34)[full citation needed]

                  For the missionaries, however, documenting the Bible through pictographs was impractical and presented significant challenges.

                  Comparative table of Dakota and Lakota orthographies
                  IPA Buechel &
                  Standard orthography[11] Brandon
                  & Boas
                  Rood &
                  Riggs[12] Williamson University
                  White Hat Txakini
                  ʔ ´ ´ ʾ ´ none ʼ ´ ´ ´ none
                  a a a a a a a a a a a a
                  a (á) á a a a a a a a a ‘a[note 1]
                  ã an, an’ (aƞ) an̄ ą an ą an
                  p~b b b b b b b b b b b b
                  c č c c c č ć c c c
                  tʃʰ c (c, c̔) čh ć c čh ć̣ c ċ[note 2] ch
                  tʃʼ c’ č’ c’ c čʼ ć c c’ ċ’[note 2] c’
                  t~d none none d d d d d d d d d
                  e~ɛ e e e e e e e e e e e
                  eː~ɛː e (é) é e e e e e e e e ‘e[note 1]
                  k~ɡ g g g g g g g g g g g
                  ʁ~ɣ g (ġ) ǧ ǥ ġ g ǧ ġ ġ g ġ gx
                  h h h h h h h h h h h h
                  χ ȟ ħ r ȟ x
                  χʔ~χʼ h’ (h̔’) ȟ’ ħ̦ ḣ’ r ȟʼ ḣ’ ḣ’ x’
                  i i i i i i i i i i i i
                  i (í) í i i i i i i i i ‘i[note 1]
                  ĩ in, in’ (iƞ) in̄ į in į in
                  k k (k, k̇) k k k k k k k k k k
                  kʰ~kˣ k kh k‘ k kh k k k kh
                  qˣ~kˠ k (k̔) k‘ k kh k k kx
                  k’ k’ ķ k’ q k’ k’ k’
                  l l l none l none l l l none l l
                  none none none none none none none none none none
                  m m m m m m m m m m m m
                  n n n n n n n n n n n n
                  ŋ n n n n n ň n n n n ng
                  o o o o o o o o o o o o
                  o (ó) ó o o o o o o o o ‘o[note 1]
                  õ~ũ on, on’ (oƞ) un̄ ų on ų un
                  p ṗ (p, ṗ) p p p p p p p p p
                  p ph p‘ p ph p p p ph
                  pˣ~pˠ p (p̔) p‘ p ph p p px
                  p’ p’ p’ p p’ p’ p’
                  s s s s s s s s s s s s
                  s’ s’ ș s’ s s’ s’ s’ s’ s’
                  ʃ š š š x, ś š ś [note 3] sh
                  ʃʔ~ʃʼ š’ š’ ș̌ ṡ’ x, ś š ś’ ṡ’ ṡ’ ṡ’[note 3] sh’
                  t t (t, ṫ) t t t t t t t t t t
                  t th tʿ t th t t t th
                  tˣ~tˠ t (t̔) tʿ t th t t tx
                  t’ t’ ţ t’ t t’ t’ t’
                  u u u u u u u u u u u u
                  u (ú) ú u u u u u u u u ‘u[note 1]
                  õ~ũ un, un’ (uƞ) un̄ ų un ų un
                  w w w w w w w w w w w w
                  j y y y y y y y y y y y
                  z z z z z z z z z z z z
                  ʒ j ž ž z j ž ź ż ż j zh
                  1. Jump up to:a b c d e Marks a stressed initial syllable
                  2. Jump up to:a b Saskatchewan uses c̀ for White Hat’s ċ
                  3. Jump up to:a b Saskatchewan uses s̀ for White Hat’s ṡ



                  See Lakota language – Phonology and Dakota language – Phonology.


                  Dakota is an agglutinating language. It features suffixes, prefixes, and infixes. Each affix has a specific rule in Dakota. For example, the suffix –pi is added to the verb to mark the plurality of an animate subject.[14] “With respect to number agreement for objects, only animate objects are marked, and these by the verbal prefix wicha-.”[15] Also, there is no gender agreement in Dakota.

                  Example of the use of –pi:[16]



                  “I am hot”



                  “they are hot”

                  Example of the use of wicha-



                  “I kill him”



                  “I kill them”

                  Infixes are rare in Dakota, but do exist when a statement features predicates requiring two “patients”.

                  Example of infixing:


                  to resemble→


                  I resemble you

                  “you resemble me”


                  be as small as



                  I am as small as you

                  “you are as small as I”


                  Dakota has subject/object/ verb (SOV) word order. Along the same line, the language also has postpositions. Examples of word order:[14]



                  wax aksica-g




                  “the man killed the bear”

                  wax aksicas-g






                  “the bear killed the man”

                  According to Shaw, word order exemplifies grammatical relations.

                  In Dakota, the verb is the most important part of the sentence. There are many verb forms in Dakota, although they are “dichotomized into a stative-active classification, with the active verbs being further subcategorized as transitive or intransitive.”[15] Some examples of this are:[17]

                  1. stative:
                    • ma-khata “I am hot” (I-hot)
                    • ni-khata “you are hot” (you-hot)
                    • khata “he/she/it is hot” (0-hot)
                    • u-khata “we (you and I) are hot” (we-hot)
                    • u-khata-pi “we (excl. or pl) are hot” (we-hot-pl.)
                    • ni-khata-pi “you (pl.) are hot” (you-hot-pl.)
                    • khata-pi “they are hot” (0-hot-pl.)
                  2. active intransitive
                    • wa-hi “I arrive (coming)” (I-arrive)
                    • ya-hi “you arrive” (you-arrive)
                    • hi “he arrives”
                    • u-hi “we (you and I) arrive”
                    • u-hi-pi “we (excl. or pl.) arrive”
                    • ya-hi-pi “you (pl.) arrive”
                    • hi-pi they arrive”
                  3. active transitive
                    • wa-kte “I kill him” (0-I-kill)
                    • wicha-wa-kte “I kill them” (them-I-kill)
                    • chi-kte “I kill you” (I-you (portmanteau)- kill)
                    • ya-kte “you kill him” (0-you-kill)
                    • wicha-ya-kte “you kill them” (them- you-kill)
                    • wicha-ya-kte-pi “you (pl.) kill them”
                    • ma-ya-kte “you kill me” (me-you-kill)
                    • u-ya-kte-pi “you kill us” (we-you-kill-pl.)
                    • ma-ktea “he kills me” (0-me-kill-pl.)
                    • ni-kte-pi “they kill you” (0-you-kill-pl.)
                    • u-ni-kte-pi “we kill you” (we-you-kill-pl.)
                    • wicha-u-kte “we (you and I) kill them” (them-we-kill)

                  The phonology, morphology, and syntax of Dakota are very complex. There are a number of broad rules that become more and more specific as they are more closely examined. The components of the language become somewhat confusing and more difficult to study as more sources are examined, as each scholar has a somewhat different opinion on the basic characteristics of the language.


                  1. ^ UNESCO Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger
                  2. ^ Dakota at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
                    Lakota at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
                  3. Jump up to:a b South Dakota Legislature (2019): Amendment for printed bill 126ca
                  4. ^ Estes, James (1999). “Indigenous Languages Spoken in the United States (by Language)”. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
                  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 2006 Census Archived 2013-10-16 at the Wayback Machine
                  6. ^ Kaczke, Lisa (March 25, 2019). “South Dakota recognizes official indigenous language”Argus Leader. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
                  7. ^ for a report on the long-established error of the Yankton and the Yanktonai as “Nakota”, see the article Nakota
                  8. ^ Parks, Douglas R.; DeMallie, Raymond J. (1992). “Sioux, Assiniboine, and Stoney Dialects: A Classification”. Anthropological Linguistics34 (1–4): 233–255. JSTOR 30028376.
                  9. ^ Winkley, John W. Dr. John Marsh: Wilderness Scout, pp. 22-3, 35, The Partnenon Press, Nashville, Tennessee, 1962.
                  10. ^ Lyman, George D. John Marsh, Pioneer: The Life Story of a Trail-blazer on Six Frontiers, pp. 79-80, The Chautauqua Press, Chautauqua, New York, 1931.
                  11. ^ Orthography of the New Lakota Dictionary
                  12. ^ Riggs, p. 13
                  13. ^ “Lakota orthographies”. Society to Advance Indigenous Vernaculars of the United States. 2011. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
                  14. Jump up to:a b Shaw, P.A. (1980). Theoretical issues in Dakota phonology and morphology. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc. p. 10.
                  15. Jump up to:a b Shaw 1980, p. 11.
                  16. ^ Shaw 1980, p. 12.
                  17. ^ Shaw 1980, pp. 11–12.


                  • Bismarck Tribune. (2006, March 26). Scrabble helps keep Dakota language alive. Retrieved November 30, 2008, from [1]
                  • Catches, Violet (1999?). Txakini-iya Wowapi. Lakxota Kxoyag Language Preservation Project.
                  • DeMallie, Raymond J. (2001). “The Sioux until 1850”. In R. J. DeMallie (Ed.), Handbook of North American Indians: Plains (Vol. 13, Part 2, pp. 718–760). W. C. Sturtevant (Gen. Ed.). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 0-16-050400-7.
                  • de Reuse, Willem J. (1987). One hundred years of Lakota linguistics (1887–1987). Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics12, 13–42. (Online version:
                  • de Reuse, Willem J. (1990). A supplementary bibliography of Lakota languages and linguistics (1887–1990). Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics15 (2), 146–165. (Studies in Native American languages 6). (Online version:
                  • Eastman, M. H. (1995). Dahcotah or, life and legends of the Sioux around Fort Snelling. Afton: Afton Historical Society Press.
                  • Howard, J. H. (1966). Anthropological papers number 2: the Dakota or Sioux Indians: a study in human ecology. Vermillion: Dakota Museum.
                  • Hunhoff, B. (2005, November 30). “It’s safely recorded in a book at last”. South Dakota Magazine: Editor’s Notebook. Retrieved November 30, 2008, from [2]
                  • McCrady, D.G. (2006). Living with strangers: the nineteenth-century Sioux and the Canadian-American borderlands. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
                  • Palmer, J.D. (2008). The Dakota peoples: a history of the Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota through 1863. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers.
                  • Parks, D.R. & DeMallie, R.J. (1992). “Sioux, Assiniboine, and Stoney Dialects: A Classification”. Anthropological Linguistics vol. 34, nos. 1-4
                  • Parks, Douglas R.; & Rankin, Robert L. (2001). “The Siouan languages”. In Handbook of North American Indians: Plains (Vol. 13, Part 1, pp. 94–114). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
                  • Riggs, S.R., & Dorsey, J.O. (Ed.). (1973). Dakota grammar, texts, and ethnography. Minneapolis: Ross & Haines, Inc.
                  • Robinson, D. (1956). A history of the Dakota or Sioux Indians: from their earliest traditions and first contact with white men to the final settlement of the last of them upon reservations and the consequent abandonment of the old tribal life. Minneapolis: Ross & Haines, Inc.
                  • Rood, David S.; & Taylor, Allan R. (1996). “Sketch of Lakhota, a Siouan language”. In Handbook of North American Indians: Languages (Vol. 17, pp. 440–482). Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution.
                  • Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Center. Our languages: Dakota Lakota Nakota. Retrieved November 30, 2008. Web site: [3]
                  • Shaw, P.A. (1980). Theoretical issues in Dakota phonology and morphology. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.
                  • Utley, R.M. (1963). The last days of the Sioux nation. New Haven: Yale University Press.

                  External links

                  Dakota Sioux (Dakhótiyapi / Dakȟótiyapi)

                  Dakota is a Siouan language spoken by about 100 people in the USA, and 190 people in Canada. In the USA it is spoken in Upper Sioux, Lower Sioux, Prior Lake and Prairie Island in Minnesota; Fort Peck reservation, Montana; in Santee, Nebraska; in Devils Lake, Standing Rock reservation and Sisseton-Lakota Traverse reservation, North Dakota, and in Crow Creek, Sisseton-Lakota Traverse reservation, Yankton reservation and Flandreau, South Dakota.

                  In Canada Dakota is spoken in southern Manitoba; and in Oak River and Oak Lake, Long Plain, Standing Buffalo, Birdtail, Stony Wahpeton, and Moose Woods, Saskatchewan.

                  The majority of Dakota speakers are older adults. Few younger people speak it, preferring English, however efforts are being made to revitalize it, including classes at all levels of education.

                  There are two main dialects of Dakota: Western Dakota and Eastern Dakota. The dialects differ in vocabulary, pronunciation and grammar, but are mostly mutually intelligible.

                  Western Dakota (Yankton-Yanktonai / Dakȟóta / Dakhóta) has two sub-dialects: Yankton (Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋ) and Yanktonai (Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋna).

                  Eastern Dakota (Santee-Sisseton / Dakhóta) also has two sub-dialects: Santee (Isáŋyáthi) and Sisseton (Sisíthuŋwaŋ).

                  The name “Sioux” is a French version of the Ojibwa word nadewisou, which means “treacherous snakes”. The native names for the Sioux mean “An Alliance of Friends”, which is Dakhota in the Santee dialect. There are a number of different spellings of these names.

                  Written Sioux

                  The first alphabet for Sioux, known as Riggs, was devised by the missionaries Samuel and Gideon Pond, Stephen Return Riggs and Dr Thomas S. Williamson in 1834. They based their spelling system on the Santee dialect of Dakota, and used it to translate biblical texts.

                  A revised version of this system was used in Riggs’ Dakota Grammar, published in 1852, and in his Dakota-English dictionary, published in 1890. Since then a number of other Dakota spelling systems have been devised.

                  Dakota Sioux pronunciation

                  There are several ways to write Dakota Sioux. This chart shows two methods: Albert White Hat’s / Saskatchewan Indigenous Cultural Centre (SICC) orthography of 1973, and Jan Ullrich’s 1992 orthography. Where they differ, the former is shown on the left, and the latter on the right.

                  Dakota Sioux pronunciation

                  More details about Dakota orthographies

                  Download an alphabet chart for Dakota (Excel)

                  Sample text in Dakota (The Deer Woman)

                  White Hat orthography

                  Wic̀as̀a waƞ wayei k’a taḣc̄a num wic̀ao k̄eyap̄i’. T̄aƞyena wic̀apat̄e c̀’a tado k̄iƞ tas̀uƞk̄e k’iƞkiye c̀’a wana wi kuc̄iyena c̀aƞke t̄iyat̄ak̄iya k̄uyaƞk̄a k̄eyap̄i’. Maya waƞ apajejeyena asnik̄iya-iyot̄ak̄a uƞkaƞ akot̄aƞhaƞ wiƞyaƞ waƞ maya-akdakda tahenak̄iya uyaƞk̄a e waƞyak̄ yaƞk̄a keyap̄i’. Wana hihuƞni k’a wic̀as̀a kiƞ isakip̄ hinajiƞ k’eyas̀ inina yaƞk̄a uƞkaƞ haƞk̄eya kic̀i iyot̄ak̄e c’a – T̄oke iyemayak̄iyes̀ni se? T̄oka uƞkaƞ inina naƞk̄a ha? – eye c̀’a is̀ iya maya k̄iƞ ed hu ġeġeya iyot̄ak̄a k̄eyap̄i’.

                  Ullrich orthography

                  Wičháša waƞ wayéi k’a tháȟča núm wičháo kéyápi’. Taƞyéna wičháphate č’a thadó kiƞ thašúƞke k’iƞkhíye č’a waná wí khúčiyena čhaƞkhé tiyátakiya kúyaƞka kéyápi’. Mayá waƞ aphážežeyena asníkiya-iyotaka uƞkháƞ akhótaƞhaƞ wíƞyaƞ waƞ mayá-akdákda thahénakiya úyaƞka e waƞyák yaƞká kéyápi’. Waná hihúƞni k’a wičháša kiƞ isákhip hinážiƞ k’éyaš inína yaƞká uƞkháƞ haƞkéya kičhí íyotake č’a – Tokhe iyémayakiyešni se? Tókha uƞkháƞ inína naƞká he? – eyé č’a íš iyá mayá kiƞ éd hú ǧéǧeya íyotaka kéyápi’.

                  Part of a story called “The Deer Woman” written down by Ella Deloria

                  Hear a recording of this text by Jared Lanz

                  Source: – shows the same text in a number of different spelling systems

                  Sample videos in and about Dakota

                  Information about Dakota | Numbers | Tower of Babel | Dakota and Lakota learning materials


                  Information about Sioux languages

                  Online Sioux language lessons

                  Online Sioux dicionaries

                  Siouan languages

                  AssiniboineBiloxiChiwereCrowDakotaHidatsaHo-Chunk (Winnebago)LakotaMandanOmahaOsageQuapawStoneyTutelo

                  Languages written with the Latin alphabet

                  Page last modified: 08.04.22



                  Green Web Hosting - Kualo

                  Why not share this page:

                  Learn languages for free on Duolingo


                  Conversations - learn languages through stories

                  If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.

                  report this ad  

                  Note: all links on this site to and are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.

                  American Indian language index * American Indian cultures * What’s new on our site today!


                  Dakota-Lakota Sioux Language

                  Dakota and Lakota are Siouan languages of the Great Plains. They are so closely related that most linguists consider them dialects of the same language, similar to the difference between British and American English. There are some differences in pronunciation, but they are very regular, and Dakota and Lakota Indians can almost always understand each other. The Nakota languages–Stoney and Assiniboine–are also closely related languages but a Dakota or Lakota Sioux speaker cannot easily understand them without language lessons, similar to the difference between Spanish and Portuguese. There are a combined 26,000 speakers of Lakota and Dakota Sioux in the western United States and southern Canada, especially in their namesake states of North and South Dakota.

                  Sponsored Links

                  Sioux LanguageDakota and Lakota language samples and resources.

                  Sioux Culture and HistoryRelated links about the Sioux tribe past and present.

                  Sioux Indians Fact SheetOur answers to common questions about the lifestyle of the Sioux Indian tribe.

                  Sioux Indian LegendsIntroduction to the mythology of the Lakotas and Dakotas.

                  Dakota and Lakota Sioux Language Resources

                  Our Online Dakota-Lakota Language Materials

                  Dakota Sioux Vocabulary:
                  List of vocabulary words in the Dakota language, with comparison to words in other Siouan languages.
                  Lakota Sioux Vocabulary:
                  List of vocabulary words in the Lakota language, with comparison to words in other Siouan languages.
                  Sioux Pronunciation Guide:
                  How to pronounce Lakota and Dakota Indian words.
                  Lakota Sioux Animal Words:
                  Picture dictionary of animal words in the Lakota Sioux language, with audio files. Dakota Sioux version also available.
                  Lakota Body Parts:
                  Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Lakota language. Dakota Sioux version also available.
                  Lakota Numbers:
                  Worksheet showing how to count in the Lakota language. Dakota Sioux version also available.
                  Lakota Colors:
                  Pictures showing color words in the Lakota language. Dakota Sioux version also available.
                  One Fish, Two Fish:
                  Translation of part of the Dr. Seuss children’s book in Lakota Sioux.

                  Dakota-Lakota Language Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
                  Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

                  New Lakota Dictionary * English-Lakota and Lakota-English Dictionary:
                  Lakota dictionaries for sale.
                  English-Dakota Dictionary * Dakota-English Dictionary
                  Dakota Sioux dictionary for sale (two-volume set.)
                  Introductory Lakota:
                  Comprehensive audio language learning course from the Oglala Lakota College.
                  Reading and Writing the Lakota Language * Audio CD Version
                  Lakota Sioux language textbook and accompanying CD for sale.
                  Lakhotiya Woglaka Po!:
                  Simple Lakota language-learning CD for sale online.
                  Beginning Dakota:
                  Sisseton Dakota language learning textbook.
                  Lakota Language Products:
                  Audio workbook sets for practicing Lakota pronunciation.
                  Native American Language Dictionaries:
                  Sioux and other American Indian dictionaries and language materials for sale.

                  Dakota-Lakota Language Community and Tools

                  Lakota Language Consortium:
                  Organization working on Lakota language revitalization, with background and language teaching materials.
                  Oceti Wakan:
                  A Pine Ridge organization dedicated to preserving Lakota language and culture. Lakota workbook and CDs for sale.

                  Dakota-Lakota Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

                  Dakoteyah Wogdaka/Talk Dakota!:
                  Yankton Dakota vocabulary and audio files online.
                  Lakhota Language Resources:
                  A collection of online texts in Lakhota and Dakota Sioux, with dialect maps and other language materials.
                  Lakota (Teton):
                  Lakota Sioux orthography and text example.
                  Sioux Alphabet:
                  Phonological inventory of the Dakota Sioux language, with a sample text.
                  Freelang Lakota Dictionary:
                  Free downloadable wordlist of the Lakota language.
                  Dakota The Silent Way:
                  Online Dakota Sioux language games based on an experimental theory of language learning.
                  Lakxota Language:
                  Rotating language lessons in Lakota Sioux.
                  Dakota Language: * Dakota Sioux Bible Translation: * Dakota Sioux Text * Lakota Sioux Text * Sioux Indian Texts:
                  Scanned-in Dakota and Lakota language materials from the Rosetta Project.
                  Dakota Language Tree * Lakota Language Tree * Yankton-Yanktonai Language Tree
                  Santee Language Tree * Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Language Tree:
                  Theories about Sioux language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
                  Dakota Language Structures * L:akhota Language Structures:
                  Dakota and Lakota Sioux linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
                  Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota Sioux:
                  Article on the relationships between the different Siouan languages.
                  Lakota Sioux Language:
                  Encyclopedia article on the Lakota language, including phonology, grammar, and phrases.

                  Literature and Texts in the Dakota-Lakota Language

                  Dakota Prayers * Lord’s Prayer in Lakota
                  Christian prayers translated into Dakota and Lakota Sioux.
                  Language Museum: Dakota:
                  Bible passage in the Dakota Sioux language.
                  Children Singing Peace Around the World:
                  Lakota translation of a children’s peace song.
                  Dakota Language Plaque:
                  Canadian human rights tribute written in the Dakota language.

                  Dakota-Lakota Language Preservation and Usage

                  Nakona and Dakota Revitalization:
                  Homepage of the Fort Peck language department, working to preserve the Sioux and Assiniboine languages.
                  College Uses Rap Music to Preserve Dakotah Language:
                  Article on language preservation efforts on the Sisseton-Wahpeton Reservation.

                  Dakota and Lakota Sioux Proper Names

                  Sioux Indian Placenames:
                  Chart of place names in Lakota-Dakota and Omaha-Ponca.
                  American Indian Names for Pets:
                  Our new fundraiser offering names for dogs and other animals in Native American languages (including Lakota and Dakota Sioux).

                  Additional Resources, Links, and References

                  La Lengua Dakota * La Lengua Lakota-Teton:
                  Articles on the Souix language in Spanish. With language maps.
                  Lakota and Dakota Resources:
                  Sioux language bibliography.
                  Dakota Language: * Lakota Language:
                  Sioux links.
                  Learning Lakota and Dakota:
                  Bibliography of Sioux language learning resources.

                  Sponsored Links

                  Back to the index of North American Indian tribes
                  Back to our American Indian website for kids

                  Contemporary Native American art * Cheyenne Nation
                  * Tribal tattoo symbols

                  lakota language
                  what does dakota mean in the sioux language
                  dakota sioux language translation
                  sioux tribe
                  lakota sioux language dictionary
                  sioux religion   
                  sioux culture  Sioux Native Americans: Their History, Culture, and Traditions

         › sioux-native-americans-their-histor…

                  Native Hope Blog · See U in History / Mythology · Aug 1, 2021
                  Standing Rock Sioux and Dakota Access Pipeline
         › plains-treaties › dapl  
                  National Museum of the American Indian ·

                  Sioux Tribe | Facts, Culture & History –

         › learn › lesson › sioux-tribe   
         · The Video Team · Nov 30, 2021

                  Why the Sioux Are Refusing $1.3 Billion – YouTube

                  YouTube · PBS NewsHour · Aug 24, 2011   

                  Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes

         › Directory › FortPeckAssiniboineSio…  
                  Governor's Office of Indian Affairs · Oct 8, 2016

                  The Sioux | OER Commons
         › 25991-the-sioux › view

                  OER Commons · helen1434 · Nov 29, 2017

                  Oglala Sioux Tribe – OST – Facebook

                  Oglala Sioux Tribe – OST. 27473 likes · 1086 talking about this. KEEPING THE OGLALA LAKOTA OYATE INFORMED DAILY.
                  Facebook · Oglala Sioux Tribe – OST · 2 days ago

                  History And Ancestry Of The Lakota People

         › history-and-ancestry
                  Often referred to as the Great Sioux Nation, these people can be divided into … The Lakota are a very strong and fierce tribe with legendary warriors and …
                  Lakota Mall · 79SiouxWarrior19 · Dec 5, 2017

                  Rosebud Sioux Tribe: Creating a Model for PREA … › resource › rosebud-sioux-t… 

                  The Sioux Indians – YouTube › watch

                  The Sioux Nation: The Warriors of the North American Plains – Native American Tribes. See U in History / Mythology.
                  YouTube · Dina Kleiven · Feb 11, 2014

                  “You’ve got to learn to leave the table, When love’s no longer being served.”
                  ~Nina Simone

                  Nina Simone – African Mailman


                  Please support real news, alternative media and education:






                  …and other vital resources

                  Together we make a difference.

                  Thanks for all you do.

                  Join the Revolution!


                  Organizing, Education, Literacy, Art and Writing

                  Leave a Reply

                  Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:


                  You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

                  Twitter picture

                  You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

                  Facebook photo

                  You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

                  Connecting to %s

                  This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

                  %d bloggers like this: